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As the days start getting icier, we begin to see a larger number of patients dealing with mouth sores. Do you know the difference between canker sores and cold sores? Is the candida yeast a good or bad thing? And what in the world is leukoplakia? To assist you to prep for mouth sore season, we’ve prepared this brief overview of the different varieties of mouth sores and how you can classify them.

Leukoplakia – Leukoplakia is an ailment resulting in the formation of thick white substances that cannot be worn away within the oral cavity, and it’s likely caused by tobacco products. It can lead to dental cancer, and we look out for it during every checkup you have with Dr. Alexander Zubkov.

Dental thrush –  Oral thrush, or candidiasis, occurs when the healthy candida fungus in your body advances to an unhealthy quantity when helpful acids are weakened. It can cause fever and difficulty swallowing, and it manifests as tiny, cottage-cheese-like bumps inside the oral cavity.

Canker sores – Canker sores are non-spreadable, sometimes painful lesions that appear on the inside of the oral cavity. They are whitish-yellow with a red border, and they are caused by biting on the soft tissue of the mouth, stress and low amounts of sleep. They typically go away on their own.

Cold sores – Cold sores, sometimes known as fever blisters, are fluid-filled pockets that develop when the immune system’s strength is lessened, like during a cold or fever — hence the name! They occur outside of the mouth, are caused by the HPV (herpes) virus and can re-manifest after healing. They are spread through contact with spit, and most people harbor the virus by age 10.

At Associates in Dentistry, we are knowledgeable in caring for all kinds of mouth sores. While we hope that you never have to deal with mouth sores, it would be our pleasure to serve you if you do. Please call 860-745-2712 now to set up your next appointment with our staff in Enfield, Connecticut.